Hammer toe is a deformity of the toe. Sometimes called mallet toe or claw toe, this condition primarily affects adult women.
Hammer toe is most often caused by foot morphology, muscular imbalances, biomechanical issues, and wearing narrow shoes. The deformity may also result from certain inflammatory diseases or other foot disorders, especially hallux valgus (bunions).
Hammer toe is characterized by the abnormal contracture or flexion of one or more toes. Their curled-in shape often creates areas on the foot that rub on the inside of the shoe or on the ground, resulting in corns, callouses, and blisters. This repeated irritation can often cause pain and redness, and the sores on the feet may become infected. In some cases, the problem can impede patients’ mobility and ability to walk.
Hammer toe –
Most frequently asked questions
TREATING HAMMER TOE
Removing corns, wearing more comfortable shoes, and using orthotics can provide temporary relief. Surgery is the only way to permanently correct the disorder. There are two particularly common procedures. An arthroplasty involves straightening the toe using phalangeal head resection. Arthrodesis involves straightening the toe using fixation implants or temporary pins.