HALLUX RIGIDUS AND LIMITUS

WHAT ARE THEY AND WHAT CAUSES THEM?

Hallux limitus and hallux rigidus are both arthritic conditions of the big toe joint. The conditions affect both men and women of all ages and are the most common foot disorders after hallux valgus. Osteoarthritis can be hereditary or caused by biomechanical abnormalities or certain other inflammatory diseases. Injury and overexertion may also be contributing factors. 

SYMPTOMS

The most common symptoms of hallux limitus and hallux rigidus are pain, stiffness, and swelling. Bone spurs are also common and appear on top of the joint. These bony growths, called osteophytes, can make wearing shoes uncomfortable, cause pain when walking, and impede movement of the big toe.

A clinical exam is usually enough to make a diagnosis, and a radiological assessment helps determine the severity of the condition.

Hallux Rigidus –
Most frequently asked questions

TREATING HALLUX RIGIDUS AND HALLUX LIMITUS

Conservative treatment involves changing the patient’s footwear, modifying their activities, and prescribing orthotics. Surgery is the only option to restore the joint’s range of motion and relieve pain. The procedure used to remove the bone spurs from around the joint is called a cheilectomy. An osteotomy is sometimes needed to shorten a metatarsal that is too long or lower a metatarsal that has lifted too much.

In more advanced stages (hallux rigidus), arthrodesis, or the fusion of the big toe joint, is the most effective long-term solution. A joint implant may be recommended for more active patients who want to regain range of motion in their joint. This implant, which imitates the mechanical characteristics of natural cartilage, helps return patients’ toes to normal without compromising their natural mobility.

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